Last updated on: 10/1/2018 | Author:

Ekhard Ziegler, MD Biography

Professor Emeritus in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Iowa
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Is Drinking Milk Healthy for Humans?"

“Consumption of cow’s milk (CM) by infants and toddlers has adverse effects on their iron stores, a finding that has been well documented in many localities. Several mechanisms have been identified that may contribute to iron deficiency in this young population group… [including] the inhibition of non-heme iron absorption by calcium and casein, both of which are present in high amounts in CM. Fortification of CM with iron, as practiced in some countries, can protect infants and toddlers against CM’s negative effects on iron status… It is thus recommended that unmodified, unfortified CM not be fed to infants and that it be fed to toddlers in modest amounts only.”

“Consumption of Cow’s Milk as a Cause of Iron Deficiency in Infants and Toddlers,” Nutrition Reviews, Nov. 2011

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with PhDs, MDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to milk. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to milk.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Professor Emeritus, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 2015-present
  • Professor of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 1981-2015
  • Cofounder and Medical Director, Mother’s Milk Bank of Iowa, 2002-2006
  • Director, Division of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, 1990-2005
  • Director, Program in Human Nutrition, University of Iowa, 1988-1996
  • Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 1976-1981
  • Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 1973-1976
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Innsbruck, 1971-1973
  • Resident, Department of Pediatrics, University of Innsbruck, 1966-68 and 1970-1971
  • Visiting Instructor, Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, 1968-1970
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Pharmacology, University of Innsbruck, 1964-1966
  • MD, Leopold Franzen University Innsbruck (Austria), 1964
  • Was born on Apr. 12, 1940 in Saalfelden, Austria
  • Recipient, Nutrition Award, American Academy of Pediatrics, 1988
Quoted in:
  1. Does Drinking Milk Inhibit Iron Absorption and Contribute to Anemia?